Aspirations shift every single minute, especially when we use smartphones and other electronic gadgets. It is normal to think of two different dimensions of any features we are using. As same as with mobile applications, dark themes have been the requested feature in app design. Google declared a widespread universal use of Dark Theme at the Google I/O 2019 Conference. MacOS has launched dark mode.
Dark themes have numerous benefits; easy reading in low light, less eye strain, and destroys battery consumption based on the screen.
Designing incorrect dark mode will increase eye strain and make it tougher to read in low light. Google and Apple have given importance to UI, and therefore dark themes have propelled now. Hene, it became a trend; you must keep one thing in mind while designing dark themes to keep them pleasant, well-balanced and readable.
Is it good to go with Dark Mode? Why use Dark Mode?
We will understand this by three aspects of its importance.
1. Leading Trend
The dark mode is the latest design component that has been popular for two years. It applies to every single application and other social products so highly in market demand nowadays.
2. Improves battery life
Google has confirmed that dark mode works better on OLED screens because dark mode-based applications preserve a device’s battery life.
3. Maintain Wellness
The reason for eyestrain is the brightness you are using of any app feature. More brightness is harmful to your eyes. Dark Mode is the solution for relaxing eyes while using applications. Thus, health issues resolve.
Remarkables modification brought by Apple for Designing Dark Mode
1. System Colours
Apple has defined system colours that are supporting dark system-wide features and effective. Using the system colours, the interface styles are impacted from the defined one.
2. Significant Colours
Apple is innovative and brought significant colours to adjust the texture and colour or look and feel of the iOS apps in light and dark mode. In addition, semantic colours are directly changed to the iOS interface style.
3. SF Symbols
Apple has designed 1500 SF symbols to mix with the San Francisco system font for designers and developers to use in their apps. These SF symbols influence well on Dark Mode as well as light UI. Moreover, these symbols give a variety of capacities and layers to assist you in designing flexible layouts.
How to Design Dark Mode for Mobile App Effectively
1. Terminate from Using Saturated Colours
Here, terminating or de-saturate the primary colours, which are observed well on light surfaces. But, these colours create hurdles while read on dark surfaces. 200 to 50 range has suggested improving readability on the dark theme surfaces. The colour tones are not less expressive, and the contrast is not painful to the eyes.
2. More Further – Much Darker
There is a primary principle for background colours of UI elements: The closer the layer to the user(e.g. modals) surface area gets, the brighter. Also, if the layer is at a distance from the user, it gets darker and recedes in the background. Sometimes, when creating a dark theme, it would be enticing to convert an existing light theme. But in the end, distant surfaces would become light, and near surfaces would be dark, ruining the whole idea. So instead, use your light theme’s base colour.
Later, invert it to create your dark theme’s primary surface colour. Lighten it for the near-surface and darken it for the distant surface.
3. Use ‘On’ Colours for Text
‘On’ colours are mostly reserved for text. They are found on Top Key Surfaces and elements. As for our Dark Theme, the default ‘On’ colour would be bright white (#FFFFFF). When a very bright text is set against a very dark background, the text can appear bleeding.
The text would vibrate and visually not fit in the background. To correct it, use white text to 90% opacity So, that the dark background will blend in. It will balance the contrast and brightness, making the app very easy to read and use.
4. Using Less large blocks of bright colours
Sometimes in light themes, large blocks of bright colours are used. These blocks attract all the attention required. It is a great element but still not very useful for Dark Mode apps.
5. Avoid pure black
As the very brightening text is not good against a dark background, a pure black background can also feel jarring. Instead, try using dark grey as the surface colour for the dark mode elements. Using dark grey is advisable, as it reduces the eye strains. Also, you can use shadows with varied opacities to add features(e.g. notifications) when your background is not pure black.
6. Reflect emotional aspect of your design
Colours represent emotions. If you want to design the dark theme for your present live app, first decide on a similar range of emotions for the dark mode. Hence this is not a good idea, as it may induce hurtful emotions to the clientele. Moreover, it is not as easy to communicate in a dark theme as a light theme. Instead, use dark mode to make recognition of your product and take benefit from it.
7. Deepen the Colours
To get rid of halation and eye fatigue, you must adjust your text. But then the buttons and accents will become quite bright. So rather than modifying these colours for working better in a dark theme, lower the brightness and then increase the saturation, and you are good to go. For instance, if you utilize the colour red from the light theme, it will seem quite bright. But if you adjust it and deepen it, the users will become easy to concentrate on the text.
8. Introduce dark themes into illustrations and models
Let’s guess your application contains highly graphical animations and illustrations, get ready to modify them for dark mode. Bright Illustrations or animations would not fit as they fit in the light theme. For the illustrations that contain a background and a subject, deepen the background colours completely. It will keep the focus on the subject.
9. Allow users to Turn the dark mode On or Off
Auto enabling the dark mode according to the user timeline is a great idea. Yet, some users may find it offensive and think of it as your control over them. Therefore, allow users to Turn the dark mode on or off as per their wish. Users must be capable of switching between regular light themes and dark themes. Users often find it more pleasing. Also, design the mode changer with caution.
10. Consider accessibility colour contrast principles for dark mode
While creating the dark mode for your app, make sure to consider the colour contrast principles, and your content stays completely legible in the dark mode. According to Google Material Design recommendation, the contrast level of background and text must be between 15.8:1.
A trending technology always attracts people towards it. Dark themes have loads of benefits and spread well to the end-users nowadays. But, there are chances to get the incorrect implementation. Dark Mode themes are a blessing for mobile app UI/UX design, giving a fresh dimension. Moreover, dark Mode will reduce eye strain while operating smartphone apps.
Here in the blog, we have explained ten different suggestions for design apps using Dark Mode. Only professionals like Zignuts can use appropriately dark mode themes on mobile apps UI design. It would be best if you shared your idea with our UI/UX designers directly. Start your journey now.
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